Macular degeneration is a common condition in older adults and the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in people over the age of 65. Macular degeneration is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Macular degeneration affects the macula, the part of the retina responsible for the crisp, detailed vision needed for reading or driving. As we age, the tissue in the eye responsible for central vision slowly begins to deteriorate which can significantly affect a patient's quality of life.
Macular degeneration can be classified as either wet or dry. Dry macular degeneration is the more common diagnosis.
Symptoms often associated with macular degeneration include:
- A gradual loss of ability to see objects clearly
- A gradual loss of color vision
- Distorted vision
- A dark or empty area appearing in the center of vision
Your lifestyle can play a role in reducing your risk of developing AMD. This includes:
- Eating a healthy diet high in green, leafy vegetables and fish
- Not smoking
- Maintaining blood pressure and weight at normal levels
- Engaging in regular, moderate exercise